Volume 46, N. 4

Special Issue: COBRAE 2022 (Invited Editors: R.Q. Coutinho, I.F. Gomes), October-December, 2023

Soil surface-atmosphere interaction in a monitored embankment constructed with two compacted lime-treated soils


Volume 46, N. 4, Special Issue: COBRAE 2022 (Invited Editors: R.Q. Coutinho, I.F. Gomes), October-December, 2023 | DOWNLOAD PDF (253 downloads)


This study was carried out in an instrumented and monitored embankment divided into two symetrical sections and constructed with compacted treated soils (i.e., a silty soil and a clayey soil) exposed to the same atmospheric conditions in a continental climate, with oceanic influences. It aimed to investigate changes of bare soil surface moisture (w) and corresponding suction (s) as result of soil water evaporation processes on a monthly time scale. Seasonal variations in the w (and s) measurement in both soil surfaces show overall consistency with the meteorological measurement within the study area. The paper also examines the ability of four air temperature-based potential evaporation (PET) formulations to capture the process of evaporation at the site. Results indicated that soil water evaporation is controlled by both atmospheric and soil conditions. And, during the most significant drying time period, the measured s consistently increased and the corresponding w decreased suggesting a relatively significant water evaporation effect. However, the monthly predicted PET data varied from a maximum of over 120 mm/month to less than 50 mm/month during the drying time, depending on the used method. The continuously monitored soil surface suctions are used for discussing the variations of evaporation according to the predicted PET method and time period at the site.

Keywords: Field monitoring, Soil suction, Soil moisture, Soil water evaporation, Soil-atmosphere interaction,

Submitted on April 08, 2023.
Final Acceptance on October 25, 2023.
Discussion open until February 28, 2024.
DOI: 10.28927/SR.2023.003523