Volume 46, N. 2, Special Issue: COBRAMSEG 2022 (Invited Editors: P.J.R. Albuquerque, M.M. Futai), April-June 2023 | PAPER(87 downloads)
The use of deep foundations is a common practice in geotechnical civil engineering designs, in which the bearing capacity of these foundations occurs by side resistance, tip, or through the combination of both. In the case of caisson, the bearing capacity is often obtained by considering only the resistance of the lower end due to its bell-shaped geometry, neglecting the skin friction resistance of the shaft, which may represent an oversizing in some cases. In this context, this paper analyzed the behavior of nine caisson prototypes laid at 10 m, 15 m and 20 m deep. At each depth, three types of caissons were analyzed, with and without an expanded base, and a third type with deformable material at the top of the base. The axisymmetric numerical analyses were conducted by using the finite element method considering an isotropic medium. Thus, it was found that with increasing depth, the skin frictional resistance of the surrounding soil of shaft contributes significantly to the bearing capacity of the caisson suggesting that little load would reach the base of the caisson in situations that would negligible the side resistance of the shaft in the design phase. This may be an important consideration in foundation design using caisson, as it would reduce risks to human life, as well as reduce material consumption and the generation of carbon released into the atmosphere.