Volume 44, N. 2, April-June 2021 | PDF(54 downloads)
The use of Piled Raft Foundations Systems (PRFS) has been extended to different types of soils, including soft clay soils. In this type of soil it is possible that, in addition to the consolidation process due to the presence of loads, a subsidence process is generated, associated with variations in pore pressure with depth. In many cases, these variations are associated with the loss of recharge of the aquifers or with the extraction of water from deep soil layers. In this work, the behaviour of some PRFS built on soft clay soils, which are subjected to the double consolidation process, are evaluated, both by loading and by the extraction of water from deep soil layers. The research is based on the implementation of reduced-scale models in a geotechnical centrifuge; the influence of the separation and number of piles on the deformation or settlement of the system is analysed. It is shown that, normally, groups of piles with greater separation control settlement more effectively. However, the settlements are greater when the soil is subjected to the weight of the structure in addition to a process of depletion of the pore pressure, because the settlement depends on the distribution of the piles, which is described using the Filling Factor (FF).