Volume 44, N. 2

April-June 2021

Dynamic driving formulas and static loadings in the light of wave equation solutions


Volume 44, N. 2, April-June 2021 | PDF (12 downloads)


The advances in pile monitoring have motivated attempts to support dynamic formulas to estimate pile bearing capacity. Based on numerical analysis of the wave equation and the results of dynamic loading tests in three piles the paper deals with the investigation of the soundness of some of the most used in Brazil, namely, the so called Chellis-Velloso Formula, the Energy Approach Equation and Uto’s Formula. The former gained strength through a misinterpretation of Casagrande (1942) statement that the elastic compression of a pile during driving is a measure of the dynamic force with which the soil is tested, and not of its static resistance. Therefore, the elastic compression and rebound, measured during driving, are generally smaller than the corresponding static values. The second is based on an elasto-plastic load-displacement relationship without physical meaning, besides the fact that the effective energy in driving a pile is related to the work of dynamic forces and has nothing to do with the static resistances. The third was derived from a simplified solution of the wave equation, assuming among other hypothesis that there is no friction along pile shaft. The paper shows the ineffectiveness of attempts to universally validate these formulas with dynamic pile monitoring and the implications in the simulation of static loadings.

Keywords: Dynamic formulas, Driven piles, Bearing capacity, Static and dynamic, displacements, Elastic rebounds,

Submitted on January 04, 2021.
Final Acceptance on April 21, 2021.
Discussion open until August 31, 2021.
DOI: 10.28927/SR.2021.061921