Volume 44, N. 1

January-March 2021

Seismic zoning of Tabriz area by stochastic finite fault model considering site-specific soil effects

Article

Volume 44, N. 1, January-March 2021 | PDF (34 downloads)

Abstract

Tabriz, as one of the most earthquake-prone cities in the Iran plateau, has experienced enormous earthquakes that have even destroyed the city altogether. Considering this seismological background and the vicinity of Tabriz’s northwestern fault, reducing the possible earthquake losses can be highly useful by scrutinizing the strong ground motion resulting from the fault activation. To this end, a stochastic finite-fault ground motion simulation (EXSIM) method was applied as an important means for predicting the ground motion near the epicenter of the earthquake. EXSIM is an open-source stochastic finite-fault simulation algorithm that generates the time-series of the earthquake’s ground motion. Based on the findings, the peak horizontal acceleration reached 0.83 g in the northern parts by creating artificial accelerograms and Tabriz’s seismic zonation. In comparison, it reduced by 0.48 g by departing from the fault in the city’s southern parts. Additionally, providing a seismic zonation map in Tabriz revealed that stopping the construction in the north parts while extending the settlement construction to the south part of the city are considered vital and unavoidable. Also, by applying the magnification and effects of the soil layers above the bedrock, it was further found that the existence of the loose layer with low strength and compaction intensify the application of seismic acceleration on the near-surface structures in the central, west, and southwest parts of the target area.        

Keywords: Tabriz, Tabriz North Fault, Seismic zonation, Peak ground acceleration, Stochastic finite fault,


Submitted on January 20, 2020.
Final Acceptance on November 20, 2020.
Discussion open until March 31, 2021.
DOI: 10.28927/SR.2021.047220